B u l b I r i s <<
The little Iris bulb blooms as the first of the Iris family early in the Spring. There are different kinds - blue, violet, grey, white and lilac. I cultivate Iris reticulata (bottom) and Iris histrioides (top) in my garden.
These little spring flowers love an undisturbed place. They grow well in dry earth, but a lot of them tolerate also the green where they bloom together with the botanic Crocus.
The second species of bulb Irides is the Juno-Iris. For example the Iris bucharica also blooms in Spring. But now I prefer to show you the third one, the Xiphium-Iris; it blooms from Spring to Summer. My favourites are the Holandia-Hybrids.
The clear colors of this Holandia Irides are good for combinations with different perennial herbs.
It doesn' t matter if you plant it similar or with contrasting colors - it' s always a wonderful picture!
If you prefer a species in just one color, look at this! Isn' t it great!
But now it' s time to speak about the second Iris group, the rhizome Irides. There are two subspecies, the Irides with and the other without a barb. And - there is a lot more I want to tell you about them. Both of this subspecies are Irides one needs a lot of water (yellow flag and others) and the other needs absolutely dry soil. So you see it' s very important to know the exact botanic name before planting it. In my garden you can see the white and the pink Irides ensata placed in the shore zone of my pond. The second Iris sibirica is growing in a dry place across from the other near the pond.
Iris ensata is growing next to the Lythrum salicaria. In Germany we also call it Japanese Iris.
The Hybrids of Iris sibirica remind me of butterflies. They like to grow alone, but in my garden they provide a nice contrast to the pink Bistorta.
But now I go with you to my Iris border! I think that the barb Iriden are the queens of the Iris family. Iris barbata 'nana' is blooming with a big blossom, only 15 cm high at best in the rock garden (April). The media-high Iris x barbata intermedia Hybrids (May) are 50 - 60 cm high. I prefer Iris x barbata elatior Hybrids(May - Juli) which can grow to be 1 m high. I show you this wonderful flowers of my Iris border in the next pictures.
Originally, they wanted to be soloists but I love it to plant them between little Geranium or Aquilegia.
Iris 'Fondation van Gogh' and Trollius sinensis are a dream team, aren' t they? One very important thing is that the companion plant offers a lot of shade at the rhizomes of the Irides. And the rhizomes must look at halfway outside the dry, sun-warmed and permeable soil. When the rhizomes get old it' s good to cut them into little parts.
Here you can see the orange barb very well. But I think, now I will leave you alone with my Iris beauties.
The Iris is a mysterious plant.We don' t really know a lot about it' s heritage. We do know, however, that Iriden have been cultivated in Crete since 2000 years before Christ. They were used for medication and as a beauty treatment. The name comes from the Olympic goddess of the rainbow.
I wish that all of you can find within the great variety of the Iris family one or more plants for your own gardens. Anything is possible, a flower in February or in July, a watery location or in dry soil. Have a look for the right one for you!
die mich die Iris lieben lehrten!